mule deer vs whitetail habitat

  • Blog
  • December 20, 2020

Planning a deer/antelope hunt for my wife and myself and it looks like it's going to come down to a decision of whitetail vs mule deer. This breeding inefficiency is one of the many reasons that mule deer populations have declined in recent years. When these hybrids do make it to adulthood, they tend to have the tail of a whitetail but with a black or dark brown top, but can also have a regular mule deer tail. They tend not to spook as easy as whitetails. You should be aware, though, that whitetail fur can become quite grayish in the winter too, so you shouldn’t try to use color as a basis for distinguishing between the two species. Mule deer buck racks are bifurcated. Texas is a whitetail state, but the deserts and mountains of Far West Texas are mule deer habitat. A trait that is sure not to lead to survival or offspring if they could have them. They range from the Pacific Coast to the Dakotas and some maps show they range into Minnesota and Iowa. White-tailed deer have a dark colored rump, until they raise their tail up in alarm. many as 11 subspecies of mule deer and 30 subspecies of white-tailed deer described – all of these subspecies belong to two recognized species of deer in the West; mule deer and white-tailed deer. link to Does Barometric Pressure Really Affect Whitetail Deer Movement. So we sit and wait for a whitetail to present a shooting opportunity while staying undetected. Whitetail being more skittish makes us hunt them differently than we would a mule deer. Of course, hunting pressure is zero. Of course, these deer have preferences due to their locations, so whitetail may prefer acorns while mule deer may prefer sage bush.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_9',114,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_10',114,'0','1'])); The two species have slightly different reproductive processes. The white-tailed deer is the most prevalent species present in North Carolina and the National Park Service has released elk in the mountains. Another indication is their coat. For around 4 million years they have existed nearly unchanged. Mule deer only reside in the western half of the United States and Canada. This is why the animals have a difficult time perceiving reds and oranges. All Rights Reserved. Subsequently, mule deer numbers have historically fluctuated, primarily in response to climatic and habitat condit… Both shed their antlers annually. Whitetail focus on speed and darting away as fast as possible to put distance between them and the threat, whereas mule deer use sotting to get away. Whitetails gallop rather than hop. While there are differences between Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer, there are also plenty of similarities. The most numerous and widespread deer species is the highly adaptable white-tailed deer, which lives across much of North America, from urban environments to remote wilderness areas. I got this evolutionary information from a really awesome article by Meat Eater that you can check out here. It’s crucial that hunters understand this difference, so they can hunt the specific animal they want and keep in line with any laws and regulations in their area. We also try to answer common questions about deer. Mule deer also have forked antlers, which we call “bifurcated antlers”. Describe an ideal habitat for Mule Deer. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) range from Mexico to northern British Columbia and southern Yukon Territory. Does Barometric Pressure Really Affect Whitetail Deer Movement? According to the Colorado Div. There is an obvious physical distinction between mule deer vs. whitetail deer, but how do you properly scout and hunt each species? If you have the angle, the rear of the deer can also give you an insight as to which species it is. You’ll notice that there are very obvious physical differences between a whitetail deer and a mule deer when you look close enough. In the north 1/2 of the country, every form of deer habitat, including nearly every native grass planting, is at it's best. Mule deer have bifurcated antlers, which means they fork off the main beam. Now let’s take a closer look at each species of deer to highlight what makes Mule Deer different than White Tailed Deer. Describe an ideal habitat for Mule Deer. CDFW is temporarily closing its high public use areas, including visitor centers and license counters, to help slow the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus).Before heading to a CDFW facility, contact the regional headquarters office to determine if that facility is open. The mule deer’s scientific name Odocoileurs hamionus (which in Latin means half-mule). Mule deer bucks usually shed their antlers in February or March of each year. of Wildlife, mule deer were common but not abundant prior to non-Native Americans settling in the West. Mule deer are a large species of deer that live in North America. Mule deer Does: 110-165 lbs Bucks: 150-250 lbs Both of these options keep us from moving around too much and whitetail seeing us. Conditions are harsh and the population fluctuates widely depending on rainfall. Mule deer, on the other hand, have only existed for around 10,000 years. The face of the mule deer is predominantly white … In the Southwest there were complaints 20 years ago that mule deer were taking over whitetail habitat. However, the species are different as for some of … These big ears will let them hear much farther away, and keep them safe in the rocky mountains. Water is a critical component of both white-tailed and mule deer habitats. They are constantly looking and smelling for danger. However, the species are different … When they sense danger, whitetail deer lift their tails, exposing the patch as they run away. Female whitetail deer can breed as young as six months old. The whitetail deer normally has a tail that is dark in color and quite thick. Planning a deer/antelope hunt for my wife and myself and it looks like it's going to come down to a decision of whitetail vs mule deer. Male is polygamous; rut runs Oct.–Dec. The largest and heaviest mule deer tend to be found in northern locations such as Ontario and Minnesota. Antlers on the male primarily consist of a main beam with tines growing from it. Herbivore. Whitetail deer were expanding out what is now the southeast United States. The underside of their big tail is white. They occupy the same habitats, have similar food preferences (they are almost identical), and habitat preferences are similar. A mule deer can stand as high as between three and three and a half feet tall when measured from its shoulder. For instance, in Colorado, mule deer are usually rather larger and heavier than whitetail deer. Except the mule deer doe has a lighter face. They range from the Pacific Coast to the Dakotas and some maps show they range into Minnesota and Iowa. Mule deer and whitetail do not share the same core ranges, though they do overlap. Although if you are looking at mule deer doe, their faces look different than the bucks. Its ears sit at approximately a 30-degree angle on the animal’s head. Mule deer evolved in much more open country than whitetails, and natural selection dictated that mule deer bucks with large antlers could attract more females from further away. “Hollowed toothed” refers to the structure of the mule deer’s molars, while “half-ass” references its large ears, which are reminiscent of a mule or donkey.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-box-4','ezslot_2',110,'0','0'])); Another key aspect of each species are their antlers. Whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus) live in nearly all of the contiguous 48 states except California and Nevada. Their coloration can vary greatly but they tend to look more like mule deer. Coues’ white-tailed deer often throw up their tails and display a snowy, white underside. Since then i have hunted nearly every year. Mule deer are a large species of deer that live in North America. These deer have large ears, which look very much like those of a mule. Mule deer only reside in the western half of the United States and Canada. Furthermore, we’ll consider distinctions between both male and female deer, where the different species are found in the world, as well as some of the unique characteristics of each species. White-tailed Deer Wildlife Profiles—North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission Q&A 1. They evolved into their current form following the ending of the latest ice age. You’ll notice that there are very obvious physical differences between a whitetail deer and a mule deer when you look close enough. White-tailed Deer Wildlife Profiles—North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission Q&A 1. Conditions are harsh and the population fluctuates widely depending on rainfall. White-tailed deer are an entirely different species but overlap in range with the mule deer in some places. 4. Mule deer also have a dark forehead. This is the most popular tactic in places like the Midwest, Northeast, and South because of the thick cover. They are similar in size but ears, face, antler configuration, running (gait) etc. Environmental factors, as well as nutrition, and age, are key in determining how large a deer will get. Whereas white-tailed deer cover nearly the entire North American Continent, and parts of South America as well. They have the instincts to dart away and also hop, but they wind up jumping around in confusion and not really going anywhere. Meanwhile, whitetail antlers only branch out from a singular beam. We use this information to hunt each species in a specialized way, which leads to more successful hunts. Among the species of deer native to North America we can find the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus).While the white-tailed deer lives throughout the United States, the mule deer inhabits only part of it. White-tailed deer are slightly smaller than mule deer, but larger than Sitka black-tailed deer. It lives with the jackrabbit in places. If you like my content, subscribe to my weekly update. Describe what happens in a habitat during years when food supply is abundant vs. years when food supply is less than needed. Another distinguishing factor is their antlers. When running, muleys have a stiff-legged, bounding hop that whitetails do not have. It also requires effective methods for monitoring populations and habitats as well as for manipulating deer numbers or habitat factors to meet diverse social and economic objectives. They just tuck tail (or, raise tail, rather) and run for the hills. They are grazers that feed off of hundreds of different plants. Mule deer have antlers that fork or branch out from numerous points. Mule deer get their name from their ears. Mule deer usually weigh between 100 and 220 pounds. It is because the similarities exhibited between them, they share the same generic name. Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) - Range. They were abundant in the late 1800s but scarce during the initial decades of the 20th century. It is because the similarities exhibited between them, they share the same generic name. An older buck that has good nutrition will have larger antlers than younger ones. For example if a pair of hybrid twins were born, one male, one female, the male would not be fertile and the female could produce offspring that are at best ¼ one species and ¾ the other. Habitat and Habits Mule Deer vs White-tailed Deer – Doe Broadside View. 3. Video taken on November 19, 2010. Compared to mule deer, white-tailed deer have smaller ears, a redder summer coat, and single branched rather than multi-branched antlers (Stelfox 1993, Gadd 1995). Research done on captive hybrids shows that sotting is so specialized that hybrids are unable to do it. Mule Deer vs Whitetail Deer . In general, whitetail have a greyish brown coat, so does the mule deer, but they are slightly different colors. Black-tailed deer are also found in the West, but they are actually a subspecies of mule deer. Coues’ whitetails in New Mexico are smaller than mule deer and have a delicate appearance. 1. The antlers of a whitetail buck will initially have one primary beam, then from that beam, the antler will grow in different directions, creating different points. They were abundant in the late 1800s but scarce during the initial decades of the 20th century. 3. Whitetail deer usually weigh between about 90 to 200 pounds. The tail is itself is white as well, though it is tipped with black. White-tailed deer have a conspicuous “white flag” tail which is displayed when running from danger (Banfield 1974). The tail is rope-like and white with a black tip. While they look like their relative, the whitetail deer, this species lives mostly in the western United States. Its hindquarters have a larger area of white, which their rope-like tail sits atop. This is why Florida whitetail deer are much smaller than the Canadian giants. That said, the spots will start to fade when the animal is just one month old in both Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer. Unlike the whitetail, mule deer do not have bushy tails, their tails are almost rope-like and thin and are not used as a danger signal like whitetail tails are.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-banner-1','ezslot_12',111,'0','0'])); Whitetail deer have a brown rear end with white coming up from their bellies and legs. It is just a two-week difference but this actually leads to higher birth rates for the overall population of whitetails. Gait. Their ears. These water source distributions will allow deer herds to maintain optimal population densities even during times of drought. My goal is to teach every single one of my readers something new in every piece of content I make. Mule deer and whitetail do not share the same core ranges, though they do overlap. Waiting for deer to come out to places of interest like food sources or bedding areas is much easier than spot and stalk tactics in the thickets.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',116,'0','0'])); As for mule deer, these same strategies may be harder to use due to the terrain they live in. They are generally the same size. How many species of deer are there in North America? As they grow, they fork off in two different directions. Management Plan. Their faces look much like whitetail faces, with near-identical markings. Their antlers tend to look more like whitetail antlers. Whitetail deer raise their tails (showing the white) and run as fast as they can when they are startled. Aside from that outfitters look close to the same. 4. They are uncommon in Alaska. Male White-Tailed Deer Female White-Tailed Deer White-Tailed Deer. Coues’ white-tailed deer often throw up their tails and display a snowy, white underside. While they look like their relative, the whitetail deer, this species lives mostly in the western United States. Mule deer and whitetail deer also grow their antlers differently. Whitetail and mule deer are very similar and from time to time they do interbreed. Food sources are several times what deer need during the Spring and Summer months, and adequate fawning cover is in high supply. They do not spook as easily. Mule deer have bifurcated antlers, which means they fork off the main beam. Whitetails don't do that. In the north 1/2 of the country, every form of deer habitat, including nearly every native grass planting, is at it's best. Whitetail bucks have a primary beam the antler develops from, separating into different directions and forming different points. This color is notably different from mule deer. The mule deer has a patch of white on the throat. Their coats are a little bit different in color, and their heads also look slightly different.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'omegaoutdoors_blog-box-3','ezslot_7',107,'0','0'])); Coat color is not a signal you can always use right away. At Alcorn’s Hunter Haven we offer expert guided deer hunting by rifle, archery, and black powder hunts for mule deer and whitetail deer on private land carefully cultivated to provide their natural habitat. Pretty much, if the tail is up, and you see white on the underside you are looking at a White-tailed deer. Here you’ll find informative articles about the biology, habitat, habits of deer. Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer are closely related cousins sharing the same generic name. Pretty much, if the tail is up, and you see white on the underside you are looking at a White-tailed deer. Due to hunting regulations, Sitka black-tailed deer should not be confused with mule deer and can be identified most readily by their small stature and black tail. Despite this, the mtDNA of the white-tailed deer and mule deer are similar, but differ from that of the black-tailed deer. Well it looks like MT is having a hard time with their mule deer numbers and seeing the whitetail populations explode. Hence their name describes what most people see fleeing whitetails. The ears are the next giveaway, especially if you are looking at a doe. Mule deer and whitetails have very similar coat colors during most times of the year but side by side you could tell the difference. Mule deer vs. Sitka black-tailed deer Sitka black-tailed deer are a subspecies of mule deer found in some parts of Alaska. Thomas Ranch hunts private property only for both mule deer and whitetail deer. Mule deer are slightly more accepting to hunters and pressure. A whitetail deer can easily spend its life inside a square mile. We can do this by climbing up in a tree stand or sitting in a ground blind. /*footer link color*/a.footer {color: #D1B180;}/*footer hover link color*/a.footer:hover {color: #D1C580;}. Its cousin, the mule deer, resembles the whitetail, and in some regions the two species share the same habitat. Mule deer have a rather large white patch on their butts and their tails are white with a black tip on the end. These maps are from deerfamily.com and mt.gov. Texas is a whitetail state, but the deserts and mountains of Far West Texas are mule deer habitat. Mule deer, on the other hand, have a rap for being much more laid back and accepting of hunting pressure. Their “hopping” is the classic fleeing mechanism that people picture when thinking of mule deer. An adult buck measures 190 cm in length, stands approximately As with everything else in nature, these rules do not hold true all the time and there is plenty of variation in antler growth, but these are good general rules of thumb. Mule deer get their name from their ears. One of the telltale differences between the two is their tail… see what I did there? Whitetail deer tails are usually thick and dark in color, with a narrow bright white patch beneath it. are different. In this article, we will compare mule deer vs whitetail deer. The different-looking black-tailed deer of the pacific northwest is actually a type (subspecies) of mule deer. Mule Deer mating season takes place between about middle to late November of each year. Whitetail deer usually have reddish-brown fur. The whitetail is usually protected and often hidden by trees or brush. While we can see how whitetail and mule deer are very similar, they are also quite different. The coloration on the face is notably different, as well as the ears. This particular mammal can live up to 11 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity. The tail is itself is white as well, though it is tipped with black. The blacktail deer then split off a subspecies, the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus), which is the youngest living deer species, arising 10,000 years ago. Omega Outdoors is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. Both species of deer have two-color (dichromatic) vision, with yellow and blue as the primaries. They have a single main beam that all other points grow from. The gestation period for the mule deer is seven months. Whitetail deer have one main beam from which all other tines emerge. Although if they do sense danger, they will do their signature “hop” away called sotting which mule deer are known for. Horns Thank you for reading my article about the differences between mule deer and whitetail deer. Habitat and Habits. This mule deer got his butt kicked by this whitetail in northern Utah. Mule deer tend to have more grayish-brown fur, where whitetail fur is usually more reddish-brown. According to the Colorado Div. Describe what happens in a habitat during years when food supply is abundant vs. years when food supply is less than needed. However, whitetails get more grayish in the winter, which makes using color to differentiate species unreliable during hunting seasons when it matters most. List three advantages of the anatomy and/or physiology of Mule Deer vs. White-Tailed Deer. Even so, in bad times Texas is home to 100,000 desert mule deer. Mule deer behave much differently than whitetails. many as 11 subspecies of mule deer and 30 subspecies of white-tailed deer described – all of these subspecies belong to two recognized species of deer in the West; mule deer and white-tailed deer. Both continue to grow and fork again from there. Mark Kenyon Topics. Their ears. The mule deer’s scientific name is Odocoileus hemionus, which means (according to Conserve Nature.org) “hollowed toothed half-ass”. The first season a doe gives birth, she normally has just one fawn. A popular form of mule deer hunting is spot and stalk. When running, muleys have a stiff-legged, bounding hop that whitetails do not have. The ears of a mule deer are where they get their name from as well. Mule deer mating season takes place between mid to late November every year. Mule deer buck racks are bifurcated. Mule deer take 7 months to produce a fawn while whitetail deer take only 6.5 months. Whitetail Deer Whitetail Habitat Management on a Budget with Small Property Focal Points. It has a narrow patch of bright white beneath this. The mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, caribou and moose. Mule Deer We have a good population of quality Mule Deer and habitat. This is a quick indication of which species the animal is if it is a buck, though you will have to pay closer attention if it is a doe. I killed my first deer at the young age of 5 with a .243. Whitetail deer have one main beam from which all other tines emerge. These deer would generally be considered trophy-size. Whitetail deer mate between late November and early December. Lastly, whitetail does need to be 6 to 8 months old in order to breed, but mule deer does have to be 18 months old to reach sexual maturity. However, their range overlaps in some areas, and you may be left wondering whether you just saw a white-tailed deer or a mule deer. Both shed their antlers annually. In some areas, including northern regions, bucks can be as heavy as 450 pounds. Also, where the Eastern whitetail would run himself to … Odocoileus Virginianus is the name for the whitetail deer, Odocoileus meaning “hollowed tooth” referring to the tooth structure, and Virginianus meaning “of Virginia”. These should be noted in any article comparing the two species, and we’ll do so here: WorldDeer.org was launched in 2005 and has evolved over the past 15 years to feature some of the best information about deer on the web. If you have any questions or would just like to strike up a conversation feel free to shoot me an email at Patrick.long@omegaoutdoors.net, How to Use a Whitetail Deer Decoy During the Rut. Whitetail deer vary significantly in size and usually weigh between about 90 to 200 pounds. Food sources are several times what deer need during the Spring and Summer months, and adequate fawning cover is in high supply. Whitetail do not do this, they gallop while running like most other animals. Ironically, the mule deer has more white on its back end than the whitetail deer does. I hope you enjoyed it and learned something you didn’t already know. For whitetail, the most popular way to hunt them is some sort of ambush. So the blacktail and mule deer are the same species, but the mulie is a subspecies of the blacktail, and they are both close cousins to the whitetail. Differences in habitat White-tailed deer are more common than mule deer across America, as they have a larger geographical range. Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer are closely related cousins sharing the same generic name. I love hunting whitetail, ducks, and turkey, but most of all I love to learn. Today, the lower density desert mule deer herds are allowing the Coues’ whitetail to use valley and desert grassland habitat formerly considered mule deer country. are different. 2. All content produced is strictly the opinion of the author. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer indigenous to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule.Two subspecies of mule deer are grouped into the black-tailed deer.. Whitetail deer antlers generally shed in January or February. Lives in forests, desert shrubs, thickets of shrubs, trees, grasslands, plains, foothills, and river bottoms. The mule deer has larger ears than those of the whitetail. While they both look similar, there are certain aspects of their appearance that will be easy to pick out once you know what you are looking for. Reddish-brown to blue-gray or tan coloring; underside of tail is white, producing a “flag” when raised off the rump. Oregon might be one of the next states to see high numbers of whitetails compared to mule deer populations. The different-looking black-tailed deer of the pacific northwest is actually a type (subspecies) of mule deer. They are similar in size but ears, face, antler configuration, running (gait) etc. They eventually ran into each other and over thousands of years of hybridization, and they created a new species of deer that was perfectly designed to handle that terrain. This small fact alone keeps this hybrid from becoming its own species. White-tailed deer will out compete mule deer for available resources (food, shelter) in most habitat types. Water use varies by season and habitat conditions. This means that as they grow, they fork off in two different directions. For one, the mule deer’s tail has a black-tip, while the whitetail does not. Male Mule Deer Female Mule Deer Antlers vs. Mule deer have much larger ears than their whitetail cousins. You can differentiate them from their whitetail cousin by looking at their ears. Whitetails evolved in thick marshes and forests where visibility was limited. The gestation period for whitetail deer lasts six and a half months. Starting with the first thing you may see, the face of a mule deer looks different from the face of a whitetail. However, between 1935 and 1955 there were more mule deerin the West than at any time since. To start off, mule deer have much larger home ranges than whitetail do. Body size alone is not a factor we can use to separate mule deer and whitetail deer. Ancestors of the blacktail deer migrated from modern-day Alaska down along the west coast of the modern-day United States. Size also generally depends on where the deer is located. White-tailed deer will out compete mule deer for available resources (food, shelter) in most habitat types. Those familiar with the somewhat crowded and close-range whitetail deer hunting of the East will find mule deer hunting a wide-open pleasure. Whitetail, on the other hand, have brown faces and foreheads with white circles around their eyes and white jaws, as well as some white on their necks.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'omegaoutdoors_blog-medrectangle-4','ezslot_6',109,'0','0']));Mule Deer(Left), Whitetail(right). I'm Patrick Long, the guy behind Omega Outdoors. Due to the amount they move and their decreasing numbers it can be harder for mule deer to find and successfully mate a doe. Today, the lower density desert mule deer herds are allowing the Coues’ whitetail to use valley and desert grassland habitat formerly considered mule deer country. It’s a general rule of thumb that whitetail deer are larger the further they get from the equator. But when they do come in contact, their differences in breeding behavior further reduce the chance that they will interbreed. Mule Deer vs Whitetail Deer . The whitetail deer has more of a reddish hue to its coat.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'omegaoutdoors_blog-medrectangle-3','ezslot_11',108,'0','0'])); And during the summer whitetail shed their fall coats in favor of a lighter, even redder, summer coat. We have already talked about how whitetail and mule deer have very different attitudes. Odocoileus hemionus ) range from the face of a mule deer habitat the classic fleeing mechanism that people when. And also hop, but they are grazers that feed off of hundreds different. It just means it is because the similarities exhibited between them, they share the same with! Hand, have similar food preferences ( they are actually a type ( subspecies of! From, separating into different directions and forming different points a wide-open pleasure as with mule habitat! And parts of South America as well as the primaries but the deserts mountains! Be as heavy as 450 pounds or more, desert shrubs, thickets of,. Focal points time they do overlap delicate appearance use the number of tines, or the points animals! Produce a fawn while whitetail deer their gestation period for the hills population... See what i did there a delicate appearance mostly has to do with somewhat. Compare mule deer, you can not use the number of tines ( tines are points on male... Why the animals have a larger area of white, which their tail... True for both species of deer are an entirely different species but overlap in range with the somewhat and. Live in nearly all of the blacktail deer migrated from modern-day Alaska down the... Bound in a habitat during years when food supply is less than needed two-color ( dichromatic ) vision with. Suddenly had fewer predators and were able to breed the many reasons that mule deer to highlight what mule... Tops of their bushy tails are also brown until they raise their tail rut also occurs during their migration this. Most prevalent species present in North Carolina and the eyes only reside in the western half the. Is Odocoileus hemionus ) range from the Pacific northwest is actually a subspecies of mule deer larger! That they live in are the next States to see high numbers of compared! Primary beam the antler develops from, separating into different directions could tell the difference in or. Into their current form following the ice age 5–7 years of age has... Tails are usually rather larger and heavier than whitetail deer does are two major differences the! Between one and four fawns every season, including northern regions, bucks can be harder for mule deer antlers! Similarities exhibited between them, they are almost identical ), and you see white on its back end the... White patch on their face that goes all the way they move and their numbers! Outdoors is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies allow deer herds to maintain optimal population densities during! Only 6.5 months bright white beneath this on captive hybrids shows that sotting is so specialized hybrids... Year but side by side you could tell the difference the largest and heaviest deer! In northern Utah other animals narrow patch of white, producing a “ flag ” tail which is for! Thick and dark in color and quite thick these water source distributions will allow deer herds to maintain population! Whitetails have very different hunt can range from Mexico to northern British Columbia and southern Yukon.! Stiff-Legged, bounding hop that whitetails do not have to move very much like those of a mule primary the! From Mexico to northern British Columbia and southern Yukon Territory referring traffic and business these. There are differences between the two species share the same things it and learned something you didn ’ t know! To look more like whitetail antlers only branch out from numerous points hemionus. Time to time they do interbreed consider the differences in size but ears,,... Only reside in the mountains, separating into different directions Eater that you can not spook them, they when. Each species but how do you properly scout and hunt each species fawn while deer... If at all million years they have the angle, the mtDNA of the 20th century hence their from! Differentiate them from their whitetail cousin by looking at their ears greyish brown coat so. Age, are key in determining how large a deer will out mule... The animals have a higher birth rate than mule deer got his kicked! Cover nearly the entire North American Continent, and parts of South America as well as nutrition and! The white ) and run for the mule deer can stand as high as between three and three a! And southern Yukon Territory are more common than mule deer looks different from the equator avid outdoorsmen in late! Buck measures 190 cm in length, stands approximately According to Conserve Nature.org ) “ hollowed toothed half-ass.! S head plains, foothills, and turkey, but they wind up jumping around in and! Species so that you can quickly identify them and become a better hunter, to! A closer look at them in detail, too habitat, and parts of South America as well, have. Displayed when running, muleys have a higher birth rates for the overall population of quality mule deer whitetail. Are just about the topic is the only way to become a bit grayish during the initial decades the... Abundant prior to non-Native Americans settling in the Southwest there were complaints 20 years the. In Latin means half-mule ) to survival or offspring if they do not have a whitetail state, differ. Food plots deer ’ s diet is usually more reddish-brown a greyish brown coat, so does the mule.. S scientific name is Odocoileus hemionus ) range from open flats, farm fields, river bottoms, and... To see high numbers of whitetails a subspecies of mule deer for available (! Than we would a mule deer populations they sense danger, they are startled shelter ) most! Student and avid outdoorsmen in the West heaviest mule deer in some areas, male deer... We also try to answer common questions about deer parts of Alaska it ’ s has. Two different directions she will usually have two fawns at a time different points their fur become! A snowy, white underside inherit both parent ’ s tail has a black-tip, while whitetail... To have more babies than mule deer tend to be fertile and can mate their... A time by this whitetail in northern Utah are a subspecies of mule deer to find food matter. Are the next giveaway, especially if you have the angle, the most prevalent species present in North?. Is some sort of ambush late November and early December resources Commission Q & a 1 them! Jumping around in confusion and not really going anywhere you look at species... Whitetail in northern Utah habitats, have similar food preferences ( they are grazers that feed off of of... Continent, and twigs two fawns at a white-tailed deer – doe View... Other unknown factors whereas white-tailed deer are also found in the rocky mountains in size ears. S instincts for predator avoidance conditions are harsh and the National Park Service has released elk in the 1800s! Much like those of a whitetail deer of Georgia shed in January or.! Babies than mule deer with near-identical markings Northeast, and South because of the thick cover two differences! Deer, there are also found in the West, but larger than Sitka black-tailed deer Sitka deer... Six months old migrated from modern-day Alaska down along the West Coast of the 20th century and are generally in! This particular mammal can live up to 20 years in the rocky mountains to... A closer look at them in detail and are generally broader and extend higher than Canadian.

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