what is planning
- December 20, 2020
Levels 8. Usually, there are several alternatives for any plan. Organisation structure in terms of customer, product or region etc. The establishment of objectives can, at times, be more important than the objectives themselves since their establishment emphasizes how various people and units fit into the overall organisation framework. The derivative plans are developed within the framework of the basic overall plan. Required fields are marked *. (c) If members feel that plans have deficiencies and weaknesses, management should involve organisational members in framing the plans. Effective planning is a prelude for effective functioning of every other function of management. Planning permission is the consent of your local authority on a proposed building project and is in place to deter inappropriate development. 10. It is essential to identify the assumptions on which the plans will be based. To have organisational effectiveness, the first prerequisite is that people should know what and when things are expected from them. Managers should keep in mind the barriers to planning and set realistic and attainable goals. The approach assumes that only those at the top level have requisite skill, knowledge and authority to plan. Helps in achieving objectives – Planning sets goals or objectives of an organisation. The scope of the plan can be two, three, five, or even ten years.Managers at every level will turn to the strategic plan to guide their decisions. The caliber of employees he needs may not be immediately available at the salary he is willing to pay. Planning permission is not required elsewhere in England to short-term let a dwelling house, so long as there is not a material change of use of the property. And business managers try to cope with future uncertainty effectively through proper planning. If responsibility is fixed for framing and implementing the plans, plans will be more realistic. These are achieved through planning. Managers who have very busy schedules may react adversely when superiors order them to prepare a 5-year plan for their work unit. Uncertainty and unpredictability of environment reduce the usefulness of planning in a turbulent environment planning becomes a more time-consuming and expensive exercise. Facilities, methods and systems necessary. Planning is present in all types of organisations, households, sectors, economies, etc. It has a time horizon of five years or more. Some of the advantages of planning are briefly explained below: 1. All levels in the organisation carry out the planning function, but in varying degrees. Promote growth and improvement – Planning sets a standard to control purpose. The top management limits itself only to issuing guidelines for planning. Planning premises or assumptions may have a low degree of accuracy. Planning involves choice. Nature 4. Plans can be classified based on importance, period of planning, level, formality, and approach. Planning provides well-defined objectives, unity of direction, well-published policies, procedures and programmes. If the assumptions are proved wrong, the selected alternative tends to be an incorrect one. and external constraints (over which he has not much control). The plans made by the top brass are implemented by managers at middle and lower levels. Planning foresees the changes and uncertainties taking shape in future and devices methods to face them. The lower level management evolves planning taking into account the ground reality. Rather than framing and communicating plans to organisational members for implementation, top managers should encourage group participation where people frame and implement plans collectively in the planning process. This process avoids hasty judgment. Motivation – A well-prepared plan encourages the employees of an organisation and gives them a sense of effective participation. This results in the economy of operations. Really a simple but effective narration on planning which even commom men can follow. This is virtual reversal of top-down approach. It is helpful in assessing and meeting future challenges. The object is to overcome crisis situations as and when they arise. 7. Tactical planning specifies how the mission of an organisation can be accomplished. Definition of planning. Any planning exercise at the business level is a forward- looking-one. Tactical planning is also called intermediate planning. Without resorting to such a search, he is likely to be guided by his limited imagination. Effective control – Control without planning is an impossible one. Human resource planning (HRP) is a strategy used by a company to maintain a steady stream of skilled employees while avoiding employee shortages or surpluses. Planning is nothing but thinking before the action takes place. In today’s rapidly changing environment planning is becoming more and more difficult because changes are occurring so fast that plans — even those for just few months into the future — may soon be obsolete. In today’s era of rapid changes in technology, market conditions and government policies, the planning process has to be flexible enough in order to enable managers to face and meet newer and newer challenges. This approach is called participative approach. However, the time for planning has to be found. Planning Results in Higher Efficiency: Planning efficiency is measured in terms of input and output ratios. Top management unifies all sub-corporate plans. To two years as and when they arise helps the organisation provide a basis for the to. Purchase operation better than reacting to the growth and success its future activities and.! 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